Wednesday, November 19, 2014

Correct Approach to Wealth: Mufti Shafi RA

Correct Approach to Wealth:

Wealth is the axis of man's needs and necessities. Shari'ah has not only permitted its acquisition, but it has also made its acquisition obligatory to the degree of his needs. Therefore, what is condemned in the Quran and Sunnah is the ‘intense’ or excessive love for wealth that makes one neglectful to one's obligations, and oblivious of the divine injunctions. 

Earning wealth, even saving it according to one's needs, is permissible but having its love in the heart is bad. 

Let us consider the following illustration: When man feels the need to answer the call of nature, he does it out of necessity. In fact, he makes arrangements for it, but he does not develop love or passion for it in his heart. 

Likewise, when one falls sick he takes medication, or even undergoes surgery, but he does not develop attachment for the treatment in his heart. He does it only out of necessity.

The believer should treat the wealth in this way: A believer should acquire wealth as Allah has commanded him, to the extent of his need, save it, look after it and utilize it whenever and wherever necessary, but his heart should not be attached to it. 

How elegantly Maulana Rumi has put it in one of his verses! 

"As long as the water remains under the boat it helps the boat [to sail]; 
but if the water seeps into the boat it sinks it."

Likewise, as long as the wealth is around the heart it would be useful; but  when we let it enter the boat of heart, it sinks it.

-Tafseer Maariful Quran

Friday, November 14, 2014

Sunnah Duas when in distress or difficulty or sorrow:

Sunnah Duas When in distress or difficulty or sorrow:

Doing excessive Astaghfaar:
In hadith #599 narrated by Abdullah ibn Abbas رضي الله ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه  in Sunan Abu Dawood, The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: If anyone continually asks pardon, Allah will appoint for him a way out of every distress, and a relief from every anxiety, and will provide for him from where he did not reckon.

Specific Duas:

1. Ibn ‘Abbas رضي الله ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه  reported, “The Prophet, peace be upon him, at times of sorrow and grief used to supplicate, La ilaha illa Allah Al-’Azim, Al-’Alim, la ilaha illa Allah, Rabbul ‘arshil ‘Azim, la ilaha illa Allahu, Rabbus-Samawati wa rabbul ardi wa rabbul ‘arshi karim (There is no god but Allah, the Mighty, the Forbearing, there is no god but Allah, the Lord of the mighty throne, there is no god but Allah, the Lord of the heavens and the earth, and the Lord of the throne of honor)’.”
Source: Bukhari and Muslim.

2. Anas رضي الله ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه said that when the Prophet, peace be upon him, was faced with a serious difficulty, he would always supplicate, “Ya Hayyu, ya Qayyumu, bi-rahmatika astaghithu (O the Living, O the Eternal, I seek help in Your grace). Source: Tirmidhi

3. Abu Hurairah رضي الله ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه reported that whenever the Prophet, peace be upon him, was faced with a serious difficulty, he would raise his head to the sky and supplicate, “Subhan-Allah al-’Azim (glory be to Allah, the Mighty).” And when he implored seriously and strongly, he would say “Ya Hayyu, Ya Qayyum (O the Living, the Eternal One). Source: Tirmidhi

4. Abu Bakr (رضي الله ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه) reported that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “The supplications of distress are, ‘Allahumma rahmataka arju, fala takilni ila nafsi tarfata ‘ain, wa aslih li sha’ni kullahu, la ilaha illa anta (O Allah, I hope for Your mercy, so give me not over to my self even for as little as wink of an eye, and set right all my affairs, there is no god but You).”
Source: Abu Daw’ud

5. Asma (RA), daughter of ‘Amais, reported that the Prophet, peace be upon him, asked her, “Shall I tell you words that you may say in times of pain or distress. These are, ‘Allah, Allah, Rabbi la ushriku bihi shai’an (Allah, Allah, my Lord, I associate none with Him).” Another narration says that these words should be said seven times. Source: Abu Daw’ud

6. Sa’d ibn Waqas رضي الله ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه reported that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “The supplication made by the Companion of the Fish (Prophet Yunus) in the belly of the fish was, ‘La ilaha illa anta, subhanaka, inni kuntu minaz-zalimin (there is no god but You, You are far exalted and above all weaknesses, and I was indeed the wrongdoer)’. If any Muslim supplicates in these words, his supplication will be accepted.” In another report we read, “I know words that will cause Allah to remove one’s distress. These are the words (of supplication) of my brother Yunus, peace be upon him.” Source: Tirmidhi

7. Dua to be said every morning and evening to prevent stress & sorrow:

Du'a for worry from Bukhari 7_158

Allahumma inni a’udhubika minal hammi wal hazan, wal ‘ajzi wal kasal, wal bukhli wal jubn, wa dhala’id-dayni wa ghalabatir rijaal

“O Allah! I seek refuge in You from grief and sadness, from weakness and from laziness, from miserliness and from cowardice, from being overcome by debt and from being overpowered by men.” Source: Sahih al-Bukhari 7:158

(Most of the Duas taken from Fiqh-us-Sunnah, volume 4)