Thursday, December 11, 2014

Seeking knowledge with Ikhlas (sincerity)

There are many virtues of acquiring Ilm of Deen that are mentioned in the Quran and Hadith. 

However, a person may be misled by his Nafs or Satan to seek religious knowledge and to study it extensively with the sole purpose of becoming a scholar or mufti who people will come to with their questions, or a scholar whose name will go down in history, or maybe an Islamic activist who people will rally around.

Like wise, there may be many such Dunyawi purposes or worldly intentions for acquiring the Ilm of Deen that can destroy it's benefits.

The Holy Prophet  ﺻﻠﯽ الله ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ ﻋﻠﯿﮧ ﻭﺍٓﻟﮧ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ has specially stressed upon us to learn the Deen only with the intention of pleasing Allah.

1. Those who learn the Deen to be called as a 'Scholar':

The Prophet ﺻﻠﯽ الله ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ ﻋﻠﯿﮧ ﻭﺍٓﻟﮧ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ  mentioned that three people would be the first on the Day of Resurrection to be thrown in the Hell-fire. One of these three was: “…a man who acquired knowledge and taught it to others, who recited the Qur’ân. He will be summoned and asked what he did during his lifetime. He will say: ‘I acquired knowledge and taught it to others and I recited the Qur’ân for your sake.’ Allah will tell him: ‘You lie! You only acquired knowledge so people would call you a scholar and read the Qur’ân so you would be acclaimed as a Qur’ân reciter. These things were indeed said about you.’ At this point an order will be given and this man will be dragged on his face and cast into Hell.” 

The others mentioned in this hadîth were a man who will be a Martyr in Allah’s cause and a man who gave lot of charity, both with the intention of showing off. 
[Sahih Muslim]

2. Those who learn the Deen for acquiring wealth:

Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who learns knowledge which should be learned for the sake of Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, only to obtain by it goods of this world, will not experience the scent of the Garden on the Day of Rising." [Abu Dawud] 

3. Those who learn the Deen to win arguments and debates:

Jabir (radhiallahu 'anhu) reported that Allah's Messenger (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said:
"Do not acquire knowledge in order to compete with the scholars, nor to argue with the ignorant, nor to gain mastery over the gatherings. Since whoever does that, then: The Fire! The Fire!"
[Reported by Ibn Majah (no.254), Ibn Hibban (no.90 of az-Zawaid), al-Hakim (1/86)]

[It also has a further witness from the hadeeth of Abu Hurairah reported by Ahmad (2/338), and Abu Dawud (Eng.Trans. vol.3, p.1039, no.3656), Ibn Majah (Eng.Trans. No.252) and others and its chain of narration is acceptable as a support]

May Allah give us Ikhlas and correct niyyah in all our actions. Ameen

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